The Decolonizing Diet Project (DDP) was a pilot study of the relationship between humans and Indigenous foods of the Great Lakes Region. Dr. Martin Reinhardt, associate professor of Native American Studies served as the principal investigator and a research subject for the DDP.

The planning phase of the project ran from 2010 to 2012. The implementation phase ran from March 25, 2012 to March 24, 2013. The analysis and reporting phase was from March 25, 2013 to Summer of 2014.

Dr. Reinhardt authored a chapter in the following publication about the outcomes of the DDP:

Reinhardt, M. (2015). “Spirit food: A multidimensional overview of the Decolonizing Diet Project”. Indigenous Innovation: Universalities and Peculiarities, eds., E. Sumida Huaman and B. Sriraman. Rotterdam: Sense.

Reinhardt co-authored a DDP Cookbook with fellow research subjects Leora Lancaster and April Lindala:

Reinhardt, M., Lancaster, L., and Lindala, A. (2016). Decolonizing Diet Project Cookbook. Featuring Indigenous food recipes from the Great Lakes Region. Marquette, MI: Northern Michigan University, Center for Native American Studies. Reinhardt is currently working on another chapter for an upcoming publication which will feature his and his wife's (Tina Moses) reflections about the DDP.

A DDP Three Year Follow-Up Study was recently conducted by K. Nim Reinhardt, a senior nursing student and Indian Health Services Scholar/McNair Scholar at NMU (and yes, she is Dr. Reinhardt's older daughter too). Findings from this study may be submitted for publication soon also.

The DDP continues to influence many other projects and has a wide following on Facebook and in communities around the world. Dr. Reinhardt continues to present on the project and will be looking at future projects related to the outcomes of the DDP.

We would like to thank all of those who have assisted with the DDP over the years and would be more than happy to answer any questions about the DDP via email at:

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Monday, December 10, 2012

DDP Health Check Up Reminder and Free Clinic

Don't forget to get your DDP check up for this quarter. We are holding the free DDP Health Check Clinic for DDP research subjects only this week Tuesday and Wednesday from 7-10am. The blood work will be done in West Science, but the non-blood measures will be done in Whitman 142. It is recommended that research subjects get their blood work done first and then come over to Whitman to get their non-blood measures afterward. Don't forget that you need to fast for 12 hours prior to your blood work.

Saturday, December 1, 2012

Quarterly Health Check Reminder

Don't forget to schedule your quarterly DDP health checks for December! We will be working with the NMU Clinical Science and the Exercise Science Lab to set up another free DDP health clinic this month, and will announce the dates and times soon. As always, please have your results sent to Dr. Martin Reinhardt at the Center for Native American Studies or drop a copy by as soon as you can.

DDP Pot Luck and Winter Solstice Celebration

Attention DDP Research Subjects: A DDP potluck and winter solstice celebration is scheduled for Sunday, December 9th from 1-4pm at the Old McDonald Elementary School at KI Sawyer (Marty and Tina's school). We plan to eat around 1pm and then sit around and enjoy sunbutter cookies, and warm pumpkin seed milk as we share stories and memories. The school address is 530 Mitchell St., Gwinn, MI 49841. Bison roast will and sweet water will be provided. Please post on Facebook what you plan to bring if you are going to plan on being there. DDP door prizes will be awarded!

Monday, November 19, 2012

Items for Original Group of DDP Research Subjects

A reminder to the original group of DDP research subjects who began the diet on March 25, 2012. Please stop by the Center for Native American Studies this week from 8:30am - 4pm Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday to claim the items you have earned for sticking with the DDP since the beginning. Items include bison meat, wild rice, and maple sugar or cream. If you don not get them this week, you will have to schedule an appointment to pick them up at a later date.

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

2012 First Nations Food Taster

The 2012 First Nations Food Taster is being held November 9th from 5-7pm on campus at NMU in the DJ Jacobetti Complex. Advanced tickets cost $5 for NMU students w/ID and Elders and $12 for the general public, or at the door it is $7 for students/Elders, and $15 for the general public. This is a dish bag event, so if you bring your own dishware, your name will be entered into a raffle.
The menu will include several DDP recipes including turkey/pumpkin soup, venison/bison meatloaf, roasted turkey, pecan encrusted fish, sweet potato chunks, wild rice, green beans, corn, maple baked beans, crab apple sauce, cornmeal/cranberry pudding, sunbutter cookies, maple roasted pecans, berries, pumpkin/corn bread, white pine/wintergreen tea, and sweet water.  There will also be a few non-DDP items on the menu including a wild rice/veggie dish, three sisters casserole, and fry bread. 
To purchase adavanced tickets, please visit us at 112 Whitman Hall on campus at NMU. For more information, email the Native American Student Association  at, call (906) 227-1397, or visit

Thursday, October 11, 2012

Wild Rice Event Cancelled Due to Weather

Due to the great likelihood of inclement weather, we are going to have to cancel the wild rice parching, dancing, and winowing event for this coming Saturday. There is an 80% chance of rain. That being said, there is still plenty of slots available for the cooking demonstration on Oct 27th at the Culinary Arts kitchen in the Jacobetti building on campus. Please call 906-227-1397 to rsvp for this limited participation event. Also, you may want to consider going to see the Homemade Jamz Bluesband and Flat Broke Blues Band that are performing Saturday evening at 7:30pm in the Great Lakes Rooms of the UC on campus at NMU.

Friday, October 5, 2012

2012 Week of Eating Indigenous Foods Challenge

Dr. Devon Mihesuah, the Cora Lee Beers Price Professor in Humanities and Western Civilization at the University of Kansas, has announced the 2012 Week of Eating Indigenous Foods challenge in support of the Decolonizing Diet Project. Locally, we are calling this the Mini-DDP challenge. Over 100 folks engaged in this challenge last year. Dr. Mihesuah's Facebook site for the challenge is:


Monday, September 24, 2012

DDP Free Health Checks Clinic Locations

The locations for the free DDP health checks clinic for DDP research subjects only on Oct 2nd from 7am to 10am are as follows:
Blood work will be done at  3508 West Science.
Non-blood work will be done at Whitman 141 & 142.
You should report to the blood work lab first and then come to Whitman afterwards.

DDP Cooking Demonstrations

We will be holding two cooking demonstrations in the Culinary Arts kitchen at the Jacobetti Building on campus at NMU. The first will be this coming Saturday, Sep 29th from 1-6pm with clean-up afterward from 6-8pm. The second will be on Oct 27th same time/same place. We will feature DDP dishes like pumpkin/corn bread, DDP cookies, turkey pumpkin soup, fried polenta, squash patties, bison/venison meatloaf, and crab apple sauce among others. Seating is limited for both events to 30 participants. If you are interested in joining us for one or both events, you must call 906-227-1397 or email to register.

Friday, September 21, 2012

Free DDP Clinic

We are planning a free DDP clinic for research subjects only on campus on Oct 2, 2012. You can get a free health check-up including blood work and non-blood measures. We are planning to hold it early in the morning from 7-10am so that you can fast while sleeping and get the blood work done early so you can assume your normal routine. I will post locations of the lab soon. Please reply to the Facebook or DDP Group Site postings if you plan on coming to the free DDP clinic.

Thursday, September 13, 2012

Wild Rice Parching, Dancing, Winowing Day

Hey DDPers, mark your calendars. We are planning to do wild rice parching, dancing, and winowing, out at our old McDonald Elementary School on Oct 13th from 10am-4pm. We will have DDP lunch stuff and snacks, and will have a potluck dinner afterwards. We will plan on playing some music and have a camp fire that evening, so plan on sticking around if you can.

Thursday, September 6, 2012

Call for Cooking Demonstrators

To all DDP research subjects: If you are interested in doing a cooking demonstration on Sep 29th or Oct 27th at the Jacobetti Building Culinary Arts Kitchen on the NMU campus between 1pm and 6pm, please let me know by 5pm on Monday, Sep 10th. I will also need to know what DDP eligible food item you would want to demonstrate along with needed ingredients. If your food item requires anything that is not available on the local market, you will need to also explain how you plan on acquiring the needed ingredients. More details will be coming soon about the cooking demonstration events. 

Wednesday, August 29, 2012

Temporary NMU Parking Permits for DDP Research Subjects

DDP research subjects who will be attending the wild rice camp and riding in the NMU vehicles can now stop by the NMU Public Safety & Police Services office in 102 Services Building off Sugar Loaf Rd and get a temporary parking permit that will be good until the end of the year. You will need this to park your vehicles on campus without getting a ticket.

Tuesday, August 14, 2012

Update on Wild Rice Camp Meals

I just received this email regarding meals for those registered for the Wild Rice Camp:

Just a note to let you know that the registration form for the wild rice camp was wrong as far as meals go.

The following meals will be provided:

Coffee, Juice, Fruit, and Danish will be provided each morning.

Lunches will be provided on Thurs., Fri., and Sat.

A Feast will be held on Sunday,


Monday, August 13, 2012

Wild Rice Camp Poster, Registration Form, and Ride Information

If you are a DDP research subject and are planning on attending the LVD Wild Rice Camp on Sep 6-9, 2012, you will need to register. We are able to provide a ride to and from the camp for DDP research subjects only, but you will need to complete your own registration. You do not have to ride with us in order to attend, but we encourage you to if possible to cut down on the number of motor vehicles that will be there. We will meet at the Center for Native American Studies at NMU on Friday, Sep 7th at 9am, and will figure out where to park vehicles, and then head out to LVD. We will return around 2pm on Sunday, Sep 9th.

Please follow the link below to see the LVD Wild Rice Camp poster:

Please use the next link to download a registration form.

Also note that you are responsible for bringing your own food and toiletries, but we are encouraging everyone to bring along some food to share if possible. 

Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Lac Vieux Desert Manoomin Camp 2012

If you are interested in attending the Lac Vieux Desert Manoomin (Wild Rice) camp for the entire weekend, the Decolonizing Diet Project will drive a limited number of DDP research subjects to the camp. However, we respectfully request that  you call the Center for Native American Studies to sign up at 227-1397. This is a rough camping area - but very beautiful. You would need to bring your own tent. There are showers – but no drinking water (we brush our teeth with bottled water). There is also a shared kitchen space and meals are bring your own food and dishes (and dish soap). Participants will carve ricing sticks, make ricing poles and actually go out on the boats for harvesting rice. Additional harvesting steps will also be introduced. We are asking that DDP subjects sign up by noon on Friday, August 24 so we can submit numbers to Roger LaBine early. The drive to the Lac Vieux Desert powwow grounds is about two hours one way from Marquette. If you would like to drive on your own and participate just one day, you can do that too, but you will need to contact Roger directly to sign up for the camp.

Tuesday, July 17, 2012

Upcoming DDP Gathering August 18, 2012

We are planning a DDP gathering at our school (the old McDonald Elementary School at KI Sawyer) on Saturday, August 18, 2012 from 1-8pm. We will plan to meet at the school after lunch about 1pm. We will spend the afternoon foraging on the land at the school or in the local public areas closeby. We will stop foraging at 4:30pm and begin getting food ready for the potluck at 6pm. Sporely Lake and Engman Lake are closeby also if anyone cares to go fishing or take the canoe for a ride. Please post what you plan to bring to the potluck on the DDP facebook site. We will have maple flavored smoked white fish and wild rice compliments of the DDP at the very least.

Friday, June 22, 2012

DDP Gathering at Nancy Irish's House

The next DDP gathering will be at Nancy Irish’s house on Saturday, July 14, 2012. We will meet there at 1pm after lunch for a half-day of foraging and an evening potluck. For those who can only join us for the potluck, it will be at 6pm. Nancy has offered her kitchen if anyone would like to prepare the food there. You should plan on bringing a container for gathering. Plan on wearing old shoes and old clothes, but make sure not to track mud and other debris into Nancy’s house. Directions to her house are below:
Directions to 395 Karen Road:  (Our address is a Marquette mailing address, though our area is out of town and often referred to as Harvey or Beaver Grove.)
From Front St going south out of town, it's only two right turns.  Go on 41 south toward Rapid River about 1.6 miles past Jack's in Harvey, and turn right (south) onto Little Lake Road.  Proceed about 2.3 miles to Karen Road on your right; turn right onto Karen.  (Landmark: 1/2 mile before turning right onto Karen Road is a big red barn-like house and yellow barn on your left.) 
Take Karen Road and drive about 1 mile (in winter be very careful down and up the hill where the road crosses the creek!) to the last house on the left before the pavement becomes dirt, or, just before the road starts to go downhill again.  As you approach our place you'll first see on your left rows of planted conifers, then firewood sheds, then an old garage and our cedar shaked house set back, which is the only house you can see readily from the road.  Park along the road if you don’t want to be parked in on the circular drive. 
From Munising way, or the intersection of M28/M41: turn left or south onto 41, and proceed about 1.6 miles to Little Lake Road, turn right (south) and go about 2.3 miles and turn right onto Karen Road, proceed as above in bold type.
From points south on M41 from Rapid River direction: turn left onto 480 at Kassel's Korner gas station, go half a mile and turn left or south onto Little Lake Rd, and go about 1.8 miles to Karen Rd on the right; turn right, and proceed as above in bold type.
From Negaunee area: take 480 east toward Little Lake Road in Harvey, about 14 miles from the intersection of Healy and 480 in Negaunee (or 1.5 miles east of the intersection of 480 with Cherry Creek Road). Turn right or south onto Little Lake Road.  Proceed about 1.8 miles to Karen Rd on the right; turn right onto Karen; proceed as above in bold type. 

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

DDP Group Site Unavailable on June 6th

On Wednesday, June 6th , the university's collaboration system, SHARE, ( will be unavailable beginning at 8 a.m. and continuing until approximately 5 p.m. due to a system upgrade.      

Essentially, this means that the DDP Group site will be unavailable for most of the day on June 6th.

PEIF DDP Classes 2 & 3 to be Rescheduled

Due to low attendance and a mix up on the date of the last PEIF DDP class, we are going to have the PEIF reschedule classes 2 & 3. You may have already figured out that there is no June 31st as was shown in the email we received from PEIF staff. In order to get an idea of what time is going to work best for DDP research subjects who are also PEIF pass holders, please email Dr. Martin Reinhardt at the day of the week and the time that is most convenient for your schedules. Again, this is only for those research subjects who also have a PEIF pass.

3 Vacancies for DDP Research Subjects

There are currently 3 vacancies for DDP research subjects. Please encourage your colleagues to consider applying for these open non-paid positions. If you know of someone who is interested in being a volunteer research subject for this project, have them contact Dr. Martin Reinhardt at by June 15, 2012. They will need to schedule an appointment to fill out the required paperwork and go through a project orientation. It will take about an hour of their time. They will be required to get an annual physical and keep a daily journalof their eating and exercise activities if accepted. The DDP will be ongoing between now and March 25, 2013. Research subjects must be 18 years or older.

Tuesday, May 29, 2012

Invitation to Join Kinomaage Class for a Day

If any of the DDP research subjects are interested in joining the NAS 340 Kinomaage: Earth Shows Us the Way class for a day, I was sent the following invitation by instructor Aimee Cree Dunn:

"If people would like to join us Thursday (June 21), we will be visiting a mine site and a waterfalls rich with plant life - as we have a few possibilites regarding the location, I'm not sure yet which mine or which waterfalls we will visit (will depend on the weather, class preferences, etc.), but DDP folks can meet in the Whitman Circle at 10 and be ready to head out with us.  We'll be returning at 5.

The trip will give them a good insight into how we impact the land as we live on it today as well as provide an opportunity for plant identification in a beautiful place.  Travel could be up to 60 miles one way.

Hope it can work out as it'd be great to have the DDP folks get a taste of Kinomaage (no pun intended!) and, I think, provide an interesting perspective for the scope of the project in terms of human ecology".


Tuesday, May 22, 2012

May 24th Reminder

This is a reminder about the DDP events scheduled for this thursday, May 24th.

Dr. Scott Herron and his students will be joining DDP research subjects on May 24th for a day of foraging, food, and fun. We will be foraging at the Dukes Woods/Laughing White Fish Falls areas in Skandia. We will meet at the school around 8:30am and head out around 9am. We will plan on eating lunch in the woods (bring your own lunch please).

Those DDP research subjects who are also PEIF pass holders that are planning on going to the PEIF DDP class that day should plan to leave the foraging site no later than 2pm so they can make it to NMU in time to join the class.

We will be done foraging by 4pm, and will head back to the school so folks can clean up, do a tic check, and start making dinner. We will have a DDP potluck out at the school from 6-8pm. Scott and his crew are providing maple flavored smoked whitefish from Thills. Tina and I will bring some sweet water and turkey/wild rice soup. We will plan to finish the day by sitting around the camp fire and maybe playing some music.

The PEIF DDP class will be from 3:00pm-4:30pm. The topic will be Kettle Bells and Climbing. The class will meet in the PEIF Fitness studio (next to the racquetball courts). Remember to wear exercise appropriate attire and bring your signed Par-Q. Only 1 DDP research subject showed up for the first class, so hopefully we have a better showing for this one.

If you have any questions about these events, please email me at

Tuesday, May 15, 2012

U of M Class Coming to Visit DDP

On the evening of Wednesday, May 23rd, Dr. Scott Herron and his students in the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (EEB) 455 class at the University of Michigan Biological Station will arive at the Old McDonald Elementary School at KI Sawyer (Marty and Tina's school). They will be spending two nights at the school and joining DDP research subjects on May 24th for a day of foraging, food, and fun. We may forage at the Dukes Woods/Laughing White Fish Falls areas in Skandia, but that has yet to be determined. Regardless of where we actually forage on May 24th, we will meet at the school around 8:30am and head out around 9am. We will plan on eating lunch in the woods. Those DDP research subjects who are also PEIF pass holders that are planning on going to the PEIF DDP class that day should plan to leave the foraging site no later than 2pm so they can make it to NMU in time to join the class. We will be done foraging by 4pm, and will head back to the school so folks can clean up, do a tic check, and start making dinner. We will have a DDP potluck out at the school from 6-8pm. We will plan to finish the day by sitting around the camp fire and maybe playing some music. I will have more details soon. 

Monday, May 14, 2012

Master List Updated

The master list has been updated. We have added stinging nettle, and ostrich fern (fiddle heads). We appreciate your patience and continued feedback as we endeavor to provide you with accurate information about the DDP foods.

Monday, May 7, 2012

PEIF Classes for DDP PEIF Pass Holders

The folks at the PEIF will be holding the folloowing special classes for DDP research subjects that are also PEIF pass holders. If you are a DDP research subject and don't have a PEIF pass, you can still get one for free by letting me know you want one.

Thursday, May 17-3:00pm-4:30pm: Topic-Pre-colonial exercise equivalents-an introduction to safe exercise

Thursday, May 24-3:00pm-4:30pm: Topic-Kettle bells and Climbing

Thursday, June 31-3:00pm-4:30pm: Topic-Outdoor activities, canoe/kayaking/swimming

Classes #1 & #2 will meet in the PEIF Fitness studio (next to the racquetball courts), and please remind participants to wear exercise appropriate attire and bring signed Par-Q. Class #3 will meet in the PEIF Pool (please remind participants to wear swim attire).

Monday, April 30, 2012

May 10th DDP Gathering

Our next DDP gathering is on May 10th at the Grace United Methodist Church Fellowship Hall. It will be from 6-8pm. We will have a potluck, and an opportunity for folks to trade DDP items. So, bring a dish to pass and anything that you would like to trade for other DDP stuff.

Friday, April 13, 2012

Cattail Foraging April 26th

Instead of having a pot-luck in on April 26th, we decided to go out foraging for cattail sprouts. We will meet at the gas station at the intersection of 553 and 35 in Gwinn around 5:30pm. Then we will head south on 35 toward Escanba. The area we will be foraging in is just north of McFarland near where the railroad crosses 35. We will be out there until 8pm so if you can't be at the gas station at 5:30pm, and just want to find us later that will work. Plan on wearing gloves, hip-waders or boots, old clothes, and a hat. Bring a knife and a bucket/basket, or even a plastic bag to haul your cattails home in. We will bring band-aids and a first aid kit just in case. We will also bring some DDP snack foods and bottles of water.

Wednesday, April 11, 2012

DDP Gathering 4/12/12

Anishinaabe ethnobotanist Dr. Scott Heron will be joining us at our DDP gathering this thursday in the fellowship hall of Grace United Methodist Church. This is a pot luck event, so bring a DDP eligible dish and be prepared to tell us how you made it. In fact, to help with journaling afterward, please post your recipes for what you bring in the recipe forum at the DDP Group Site. Don't forget that we must have everything prepared before we get there as we will not be able to warm anything up. Please bring your own place settings.

Wednesday, April 4, 2012

Our Family Foods

Here is an email I received from Becky Ross at the Nash Finch company which is the parent company of Our Family Foods regarding their canned vegetables:

Mr. Martin Reinhardt,

Thank you for contacting Our Family Foods with your question.

The canned vegetable products are made from non-genetically modified varieties of vegetables which are harvested, sorted, manufactured, packed and transported by us to avoid commingling with other crops.

We hope this information is helpful.


Becky Ross
Nash Finch Consumer Response Specialist
1.800.433.2004  Ext. 129

Tuesday, March 27, 2012

DDP Seeds Available at Gathering Thursday

We will have the following seeds available at the gathering this Thursday for DDP research subjects who intend to grow some for their own use or for the common good of the DDP. We will have plastic baggies and a marker there for your convenience.

DDP Seeds Available:

Summer Squash Seed- "Cocozelle”
Yellow Bean Seed- "Golden Wax"
Green Bean Seed- "Blue Lake Bush #274"
Pole Bean Seed- "Blue Lake Pole"
Dry Bean Seed- "Pinto"
Corn Seed – “Silvermine”
Common Milkweed
Wild Mint
Feather Solomon’s Seal (Feathery False Lily of the Valley)
Creeping Juniper
Alpine Sweetvetch
Pitseed Goosefoot
Fireberry Hawthorn
Old Man’s Whiskers

Monday, March 26, 2012

DDP Group Site Personal Discussion Forum Upload Increased

Great news! NMU has increased the size of files that can be uploaded to the personal discusison forums at the DDP group site. You can now upload a file as large as 20mb along with your journal entry each time.

Pot Luck This Thursday

Don't forget about the DDP pot luck this thursday. Just like last time, if you could post what you are bringing to share on the DDP facebook site that would be great. It will be at our usual location for Thusday night meetings from 6-8pm in the fellowship hall (basement) of the Grace United Methodist Church. Don't forget to bring your own place settings.

YMCA Guest Passes

I have 15 guest day passes that were donated by the YMCA in case any of the DDP research subjects are interested in trying out their facility. I also have a few applications for YMCA scholarships that would provide a discounted rate for membership if you are deemed eligible. Stop by the Center for Native American Studies if you would like either one.

Wednesday, March 21, 2012


I have begun fasting today after lunch, and will end my fast on Sunday. I have fasted in a traditional Anishinaabe Ojibway way three times before, but this time will be a bit different since it is focused on the DDP. The next four days will give me time slow down and relax as I prepare to begin the DDP. I will have water and cedar tea during the fast. Although I won't be coming into the office, I do invite other DDP participants and supporters to stop by and visit with me during the fast. I will be at the old McDonald elementary school at KI Sawyer in the travel trailer. You can just drive around back of the school and park near the outdoor basketball court. I will have a fire going, and we can share some cedar tea and take a tour of the school. I will not be checking my email or taking phone calls until Sunday evening, so please be patient until I am able to get back with you. I wish everyone the very best as you begin the DDP in your own way.  

Tuesday, March 20, 2012

Flickr Photo & Video Upload Directions

Sam and I developed a set of directions for uploading photos and videos to the DDP Flickr website. The sheet is available at the DDP group site. This is for DDP staff and research subjects only. Each research subject has their own "set" within the website. The public is welcome to view the photos however.

Thill's Fish House

I just went by Thill's Fish House to let them know that they may start getting some special orders for smoked fish. Tina and I ordered some maple and salt smoked whitefish. They should be ready by the end of next week.

Marquette Food Co-op List

Chi-miigwech to the Marquette Food Co-op for putting their list of DDP eligible foods out at the store. I just went by and got some cornmeal, sunchokes, frozen sweet potatoes, and turkey. Sounds like the duck eggs will be in on Friday. I am checking with them to see if we can get a DDP account and will let you all know how that goes.

Tuesday, March 13, 2012

DDP Gatherings Update

Based on attendance patterns, and feedback I have received via email and phone regarding preferred times for our DDP gatherings, I have decided to schedule only Thursday evening and weekend events from this point forward. Thus, we will not have a gathering on March 23rd as originally scheduled. Instead, we will plan to meet on Thursday, March 29th the following week from 6-8pm at the Grace United Methodist Church Fellowship Hall. We will have another gathering during the same time/same place on April 12th. We will have a special guest, ethnobiologist Dr. Scott Herron, join us that evening. Our last gathering was great! I really enjoyed all of the food and fellowship. Please post the recipes for the dishes you brought at the DDP Group Site Recipes Forum. Don't forget to get your annual physical and have the results sent to my office in a confidential envelop. You can also drop them by if you prefer.

Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Pecan Butter

I just made some DDP crunchy pecan butter. I used about 10 ounces of pecans (available in bulk from Sam's warehouse with no additives), 1/3 cup of sunflower oil (available from Walmart), and about 1/4 teaspoon of salt. I used my ninja food processor to mix them. I will plan to keep it at room temperature. It tasted very good!

Thursday, March 1, 2012

DDP UP Grocery List and Master Food List Update Posted

We have added the first draft of the UP Grocery List to the DDP Group Site. We will continue to improve this list as we learn more about product availability at these and other food outlets. We have also updated the Master Food List. You will notice that we have many plants linked to the USDA database now. We will finish linking all of the plants soon. We highly encourage folks to learn about these plants before disturbing them in the wild and especially before consuming them. Some are endangered and many can be harmful to your health if used improperly.

Tuesday, February 28, 2012

Directions from Marquette to Marty's School

Please click on this Mapquest link to see how to get to the old McDonald elementary school if you are planning to come out and make some growing boxes.

DDP Updates

The journaling document that April Lindala shared with us at the Feb 10th meeting is now posted at the DDP group site. Our next gathering is Thursday, March 8th from 6-8pm at the Grace United Methodist Church fellowship hall which is in the basement of the building. The parking lot around back and down the hill is where you should park and then come in the basement door. This is a DDP food pot luck, so please let us know via the DDP face book site what you are planning to bring if anything. I will go over the data collection information again briefly for those who were not able to make the last session. We hope to have a "grocery list" up at the group site soon that will show where you can get certain DDP foods localy and online from farms and shops. We are starting to get more seeds in now thanks to the USDA National Plant Germplasm System! We will be planting some of these in the NMU greenhouse, but will also be looking to DDP people to start some in their greenhouses and/or windows. I will be making growing boxes out at our school on Saturday and Sunday March 10-11th if anyone wants to come by and help make some. Whatever you help make, you can take (or donate for others). I will start at 1pm on both days and work until sundown. I will give you a tour of the school while you are there also!

Thursday, February 16, 2012

Moosewood Nature Center Hosting a Maple Syrup Making Program

MooseWood Nature Center will be hosting a maple syrup making program on March 24, 2012 at MooseWood Nature Center on Presque Isle from 12-4pm, followed by our annual Candlelight Ski, Snowshoe and Hike around the interior trails from 6-8pm.

Come and see how maple sap is collected and boiled down into sweet, natural maple syrup and sugar.  We’ll learn about “sugarbush” traditions such as selecting which trees are good for tapping, when the time is right, and how to make the syrup.  There will be plenty of “sweetwater” and syrup to taste.

Open to all ages.  $3 for kids, $5 for adults, $15 for families.

Tuesday, February 14, 2012

Change to Daily Online Journaling Plan

At the DDP gathering on Friday, February 10th, April Lindala provided some helpful suggestions about how we should go about our daily journaling when we begin the DDP. As a result of that session, we also decided to scrap the journal tool from the group site, and to have the research subjects use the personal discussion forums for their online daily journaling instead. The reason we have decided to do this is because the discussion forum will allow us to upload photos and files up to 2mb, and it will also allow others to interact with us about our postings. I realize that some of the research subjects have already posted 1 or 2 entries into the journals, but I will have to ask you to do so again but this time in the discussion forum. You can do this by clicking on the personal discussion forum link in your space, and then click on "add a new discussion topic". This will provide a new page each time you do that, and it will automatically include the date and time of your posting. So, sometime prior to March 25th, I would like all of the research subjects to once again post their level of committment along with a meal plan and exercise plan for at least the first week. If anyone would like to plan further ahead, feel free. If you have any questions about these changes, please email me at or call 906-227-1397.

Saturday, February 4, 2012

Honor the Earth Publication

If you haven't read Honor the Earth's publication Sustainable Tribal Economies: A Guide to Restoring Energy and Food Sovereignty in Native America it is a must read. Pay close attention to the points made about food insecurity starting on page 19.

Thursday, February 2, 2012

DDP To Begin March 25, 2012

Due to the sap running much earlier than expected, I am forced to set an arbitrary date instead of starting off with the natural year. My apologies to those who were looking forward to starting when the sap began to run. It is very important to the study that we get our baseline data from the annual physicals before we begin making major shifts in our diets. I know we all want to begin stocking up on foods also. Thus, the date for the DDP implementation phase to begin is set for March 25, 2012! Please take time to enjoy a sugar bush experience as we look forward to the start date.

Tuesday, January 31, 2012

DDP Meetings Update

Besides the upcoming meeting on Feb 10 (don't forget to bring whatever camera you will be using to take photos and video for the DDP), I have scheduled two more DDP meetings in March. We will meet at the Grace United Methodist Church Fellowship Hall for all these gatherings. March dates include Thusday, March 8th from 6-8pm, and Friday, March 23rd from 1-3pm. Both of the March gatherings will be potluck style. Please prepare DDP eligible foods at your home and bring a dish to pass if you can. We cannot prepare foods at the fellowship hall, so make sure they are all ready to be eaten before you bring them. Post what you plan to bring at our Facebook site so we don't all bring the same things. We will use these times to share recipes or food preparation methods, as well as opportunities for me to update research subjects about the DDP. We will also have a DDP booth at the NMU Pow Wow on March 17-18th in the Vandement Arena, so be sure to come by the booth and stay a while and talk to folks about it.

Monday, January 30, 2012

DDP Recipes Forum

In response to a request at last Friday's meeting, a new feature has been added to the group site. We now have a DDP Recipes Forum! Please post any recipes you use there. You can also add photos of the food or supplies needed.

Meeting on Friday, Jan 27th

We went over meal and exercise planning at our meeting last Friday. The above images are examples from my own planning. The meal plan is based on what I have in my inventory as of today, or what I plan to have before the diet begins. Dr. Mohafy suggested that I consider adding more protein to my morning meals, but other than that he said it looked pretty good. He also suggested that we may want to consider some alternative ideas as to how we are approaching the portions of our diet that are indigenous. For those of us who are going 100% it is easy to say that all of our foods will be indigenous, but for those who are committed to less than 100%, there were questions about to fraction out the amount of food they will be eating. I suggested that we do it by meals. For instance, if someone is committed to a 25% level, then they would eat at least one meal per day that is indigenous foods only. Other suggestions were that folks could eat indigenous foods only on certain days of the week, or that all the foods could be mixed indigenous/non-indigenous if the proportion of indigenous foods in the mix was at a 25-100% level. It is up to each individual how they approach their DDP experience, as long as they can explain how they are going to keep it above 25%. Perhaps a good way to try out the online journals at the DDP group site is to have each of the research subjects answer the following question in their online journal: What level of the DDP are you committing to and how will you structure your meals to ensure that you are able to maintain that level or above? 

Friday, January 27, 2012

Table Salt, Kosher Salt or Sea Salt Your Choice

After reviewing the differences between table salt, kosher salt, and sea salt, I have decided to leave it up to the research subjects to choose which salt they wish to use if any as part of their DDP experience. Table salts apparently have an anti-caking agent and iodine added to them during processing, sea salt has more trace elements like iron, sulphur and magnesium. Kosher salt can be either one, but it is not suppose to have any additives. I will probably use kosher salt or sea salt as they would lack the anti-caking agent.

Introducing DDP Physician Dr. Scott Doughty

Dr. Scott Doughty is a family medicine physician in Marquette. He has taught for the past 5 years at the Marquette Family Medicine Residency, the same program which graduated him in 1995. From 1997-2007, he was a staff physician at the Zuni Comprehensive Community Health Center in Zuni, NM. For most of that term, he served as the director of the Zuni Diabetes Program, and enjoyed many opportunities to assist with community wellness projects. Other Indian Health Service experiences include work at the SEARHC/Mt Edgecumbe Hospital in Sitka, Alaska, and a student rotation in Fort Washakie, Wyoming. Scott is honored to have an opportunity to contribute to the DDP, and looks forward to a year of learning with, and being a part of, the DDP community. He lives in Skandia with his wife, Amy, a certified nurse midwife, and three young daughters.

Thursday, January 26, 2012

Request for Donations Letter

A general letter of request for donations has been uploaded to the DDP group site. If you are aware of an organization that would like to donate dried or frozen indigenous food items from the Great Lakes Region, indigenous seeds, gardening equipment, hunting/fishing/gathering supplies, storage equipment, or recording equipment, please share the letter and a copy of the DDP flyer with them. They may contact Dr. Reinhardt via email at, or call 906-227-1397 with any questions about the DDP. The group site is located at:

Thursday, January 19, 2012

Upcoming DDP Research Subjects Gatherings

We will be holding a DDP research subjects gathering on Jan 27th and again on Feb 10th from 1-3pm in the fellowship hall of the Grace United Methodist Church at 927 W. Fair Ave. in Marquette. This is just up the hill from the Cener for Native American Studies. Click here to see map. Please rsvp by emailing me at: Please indicate in your email if you plan on attending or not. We will discuss planning our daily diet and exercise at the first gathering, and will discuss data collection at the second meeting. If you are unable to make these meetings, I can meet with you individually at some other time, just email me and we can try to come up with a time convenient to both of our schedules.

We are hoping to be able to use the fellowship hall on a regular basis for two indoor gatherings per month during the DDP implementation phase, but we will have to wait and see if we get approved. We will also be looking to schedule two outdoor activities per month on the alternate fridays. We realize that not everyone will be able to make it to all of the gatherings, but fridays are usually pretty open on most people's schedules. There will of course be other times that some of us get together and do things DDP related, but we thought it was important to have some regularly scheduled days and times to help us plan out our yearlong adventure.

Smithsonian Mammals Database

After we realized that we had forgotten to include bison, elk, and moose on our mammals list, we went back to the Smithsonian database and tried to figure out why they didn't come up in our search. We have since updated the master food list, but we found some issues with the Smithsonian database. I contacted them about the issues, and here is their reply: 

Dear Martin,

The GIS mapping interface allows you to go from the range map of a species to the species page (small icon to the right of a checked species name), but the reverse is not an option as each species range map does not have a unique URL on the GIS map. We are updating the site to add the remaining mammals of Mexico, and we will add the range maps to every species page. I cannot give you a date certain when that will happen, though we are perhaps only a month away.



Robert Costello

National Outreach Program Manager
Smithsonian Institution
National Museum of Natural History
Washington DC

Tuesday, January 17, 2012

DDP Flickr Account Up and Running

Sam and I just got the new DDP FLickr account up and running. You can get to it by copying and pasting the following URL into your browser (or just click on it):

We don't have much uploaded yet, but give us a few days and I am sure we will get more on it.

Tuesday, January 10, 2012

Boiled White Pine Bark

I just got done eating some boiled white pine inner bark. I let it boil for about an hour. It was stringy but soft enough to seperate and swallow when I chewed it. It had a nice taste, unusual to my tastebuds, but nice. Look at how dark-red the water was when I was done boiling it! I was reading about eating the bark at another website, and the author claimed that he has not had any luck with boiling it. I am wondering if maybe the age of the tree has something to do with how soft it gets when boiled. The website I was looking at was:

Monday, January 9, 2012

Victory Seed Company Donation

Chi-miigwech (many thanks) to Victory Seed Company for their donation of $250.60 worth of corn seeds to the DDP! Now we need to get these seeds out to the research subjects so they can start growing them. We are hopeful about getting a domed greenhouse here on campus at NMU, but if it doesn't happen, we will need to rely on individuals to volunteer their homes and greenhouses to start plants for the DDP. The seed packet information says it will take 5-10 days for germination at 65 degrees fahrenheit , and it will take about 112 days to harvest. Thus, we should plan to start them indoors mid to late April and then transfer them to our gardens as soon as it warms up outside. If you are able to start some corn plants, please contact Dr. Martin Reinhardt at or call the Center for Native American Studies at 906-227-1397 and schedule an appointment to pick up some seeds.

Thursday, January 5, 2012

White Pine Tea

I made some white pine tea from the needles yesterday. It was very light tasting and gave me a burst of energy, probably due to the high concentration of vitamin C. I also steamed a piece of the trunk and peeled the inner bark to make some flour. I am going to steam and peel some more this weekend until I have done the whole tree. I actually chewed on some of the inner bark and it tasted pretty good, although it was a bit stringy. I imagine if it was cooked it would be soft enough to eat. Maybe I will try eating some like that this weekend also.